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Nepal

Nepal is the Federal Democratic Republic state between China and India in South Asia as the landlocked Himalayan kingdom with eight of the 14 tallest mountains, including Mount Everest. The eastern land ranges from 57.3 meters to 8848.86 meters within a 129 km air distance. The multi-linguistic, multi-ethnic, multi-religious, multicultural country has 45% Nepali-speaking people. The hunting and gathering group, for 10000 years, has been living with a batter system. The ever-independent country immerses the Himalayas, rivers, forests, flora, fauna, culture, Living Goddess and the birthplace of Gautama Buddha, Bhrikuti, Sita, Gurkha, Newar, Tharu, legendary Sherpa, shamans, ancient art, architecture, tradition, food habit, ethnic dress. Four civilisation centres are Kathmandu Valley, Sinja Valley, Lumbini, and Janakpur. The Buddhist pilgrimage birthplace of Gautama Buddha Lumbini is the world's peace land. The world's deepest Kali Gandaki Gorge (6967 m) is famous for Shaligram (fossils). The world-famous Gurkha soldiers originated from the country. 

Nepal is the world's 93rd largest and 49th most populous country, with three geographical layers of the Himalayan, Hilly, and Terai regions. The country's freshwater resources contain 6000 rivers with rivulets that produce 200 billion cubic meters per annum. The hydropower prospect has surveyed 83000 MW and 2759 MW installed capacity. Nepali society represents hierarchies, segmental, hunting and gathering groups. The country's 142 ethnic caste groups divide into four major groups, Mongoloid, Caucasoid, Munda, and Dravid. The vegetation covers 51.6% area, including 29% forest, 10.6% shrub and 12% grassland. Flowering plants are 7000, including 1000 for medicinal purposes, 2000 for food, 100 for timber value, and 150 for cash crops. There are 700000-hectare wetlands and 2600000-hectare arable land.

Nepal has 1310 mountain peaks with endless ranges of hills, 118 ecosystems, 35 forest types, 12 national parks, a wildlife reserve, 13 buffer zones, a hunting reserve, and six conservation areas covering 23.23 % of the land (34419.75 sq km). Annual 699552 people visit parks and conservations. Nepal is a tourist's paradise and ecological dreamland with 208 species of mammal, including 27 species of endangered, 886 species of bird (migratory and residential), 600 species of butterfly, 50 species of moth, 180 species of dragonfly, 170 species of fish, 100 species of reptile, 43 species of amphibian. The Yeti is an abominable snowman who lives in the higher part of the Himalayas. The Top 46 Nepal Facts and Figures are below. 

1 – Government 

Official Name: Government of Nepal

Political System – The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (on 29th May 2008)

Prime Minister – Puspa Kamal Dahal (40th)

President – Ramchandra Paudel (3rd)

Ministry of Home Affairs - Narayan Kaji Shrestha

Chief Justice – Bishowambhar Prasad Shrestha

Chief Election Commissioner - Dinesh Kumar Thapaliya

Chief Commissioner (Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority) - Prem Kumar Rai

Chairman (National Human Rights Commission) - Anup Raj Sharma

Chief of Army Staff - General Prabhu Ram Sharma

Inspector-General of Police (IGP) - Basanta Bahadur Kunwar

2 – Area 

Nepal covers 147516 sq. km. (56956 sq. Miles) of land, which equals 0.3% of the land of South Asia and 0.03% land of the earth (197,950,000 sq. Miles). East River Mechi to west Mahakali has a rectangular shape with 885 km length and north to south 193 km average breadth (extending 145 km to 241 km).  

3 – Location 

Longitude: 80° 04' East to 88° 12' East, Latitude: 26° 22' North to 30° 27' North in Asia continent.

4 – Climate

Five climate zones - 1. Subtropical climate (57 to 1200 m) 2. Warm Temperate climate (1200 to 2100 m) 3. Cold Temperate climate (2100 to 3300 m) 4. Alpine climate (3300 to 5000 m) 5. Tundra climate (5000 to 8848 m)

5 - Flag 

Nepal listed an official flag on 16th December 1962. The flag has crimson red, white and blue colour. The Himalayan triangle shape of two crimson red pennons flag set a blue line border. The upper triangle has eight rays of a rising Moon. Moon is a knowledge, the cool weather of the Himalayas. The lower triangle owns 12 rays of the Sun. The Sun represents victory, the heat of lowland Terai. Blue means sky, peace and harmony. Red is the symbol of victory and the colour of the national flower, Rhododendron. The Moon is a peace while the Sun is a power. Nepal will last as long as the two planets. It is also related to Chandravanshi and Suryavanshi King. The Nepali flag has been used in temples since Licchavi King Manadeva (464-505 AD).  

6 – Lowest and Highest Point

The Lowest Point is 57.3 m. (Mukhiyapatti Mushaharniya, Dhanusha district). 

The Highest Point is 8848.86 m. (Mount Everest, Solukhumbu district).

7 – Border

China (65 times larger) lies on the northern border with a 1414.88 km boundary. India (22 times larger) lies in the east, south and west borders of 1880 km length. It has a perimeter of 3222.88 kilometres. Historically, the Greater Nepal border extended from Teesta (east) to Kangra (west) to the confluence of River Ganges and Yamuna in the south. The total boundary stretched to 5119 line kilometres with an east-west length of 1415 km with a total area of 267575 sq. km.

8 – Capital

Kathmandu

9 – Language

1. Nepali (44.86%) 2. Maithili (11.05%) 3. Bhojpuri (6.24%) 4. Tharu (5.88%) 5. Tamang (4.88%) 6. Bajjika (3.89%) 7. Avadhi (2.96%) 8. Nepalbhasha/Newari (2.96%) 9. Magar Dhut (2.78%) 10. Doteli (1.7%) 11. Urdu (1.42%) 12. Yakthung/Lumbu (1.2%) 13. Gurung (1.12%) 14. Magahi (0.79%) 15. Baitadeli (0.52%) 16. Rai (0.5%) 17. Achhami (0.48%) 18. Bantawa (0.47%) 19. Rajbanshi (0.45%) 20.Sherpa (0.4%) 21.Khash (0.4%) 22. Bajhangi (0.34%) 23. Hindi (0.34%) 24. Magar Kham (0.31%) 25. Chamling (0.31%) 26. Ranatharu (0.27%) 27. Chepang (0.2%) 28. Bajureli (0.19%) 29. Santhali (0.18%) 30. Danuwar (0.17%) 31. Darchuleli (0.16%) 32. Uranw/Urau (0.13%) 33. Kulung (0.13%) 34. Angika (0.12%) 35. Majhi (0.11%) 36. Sunuwar (0.11%) 37. Thami (0.9%) 38. Ganagai (0.09%) 39. Thulung (0.08%) 40. Bangla (0.08%) 41. Ghale (0.08%) 42. Sampang (0.07%) 43. Marwadi (0.07%) 44. Dadeldhuri (0.07%) 45. Dhimal (0.07%) 46. Tajpuriya (0.07%) 47. Kumal (0.06%) 48. Khaling (0.06%) 49. Musalman (0.06%) 50. Wambule (0.05%) 51. Bahing/Bayung (0.05%) 52. Yakkha (0.05%) 53. Sanskrit (0.05%) 54. Bhujel (0.04%) 55. Bhote (0.04%) 56. Darai (0.04%) 57. Yamphu/Yamphe (0.04%) 58. Nachhiring (0.03%) 59. Hyolmo/Yholmo (0.03%) 60. Dumi (0.03%) 61. Jumli (0.03%) 62. Bote (0.03%) 63. Mewahang (0.03%) 64. Puma (0.02%) 65. Pahari (0.02%) 66. Athpahariya (0.02%) 67. Dungmali (0.02%) 68. Jirel (0.02%) 69. Tibetan (0.02%) 70. Dailekhi (0.02%) 71. Chum/Nubri (0.01%) 72. Chhantyal (0.01%) 73. Raji (0.01%) 74. Thakali (0.01%) 75. Meche (0.01%) 76. Koyee (0.01%) 77. Lohorung (0.01%) 78. Kewarat (0.01%) 79. Dolpali (0.01%) 80. Done (0.01%) 81. Mugali (0.01%) 82. Jero/Jerung (0.01%) 83. Karmarong (0.01%) 84. Chhintang (0.01%) 85. Lhopa (0.01%) 86. Lapcha (0.01%) 87. Munda/Mudiyari (0.01%) 88. Manange (0.01%) 89. Chhiling (0.01%) 90. Dura (0.01%) 91. Tilung (0.01%) 92. Sign Language (0.01%) 93. Byansi (0.01%) 94. Balkura/Baram (0.01%) 95. Baragunwa (0.01%) 96. Sadri (1347) 97. English (1323) 98. Magar Kaike (1225) 99. Sonaha (1182) 100. Hayu/Vayu (1133) 101. Kisan (1004) 102. Punjabi (871) 103. Dhuleli (786) 104. Khamchi/Raute (741) 105. Lungkhim (702) 106. Lowa (624) 107. Kagate (611) 108. Waling/Walung (545) 109. Nar-Phu (428) 110. Lhomi (413) 111. Tichhurong Poike (411) 112. Kurmali (397) 113. Koche (332) 114. Sindhi (291) 115. Phangduwali (247) 116. Belhare (177) 117. Surel (174) 118. Malpande (161) 119. Khariya (132) 120. Sadhani (122) 121. Hariyanwi (114) 122. Sam (106) 123. Bankariya (86) 124. Kusunda (23)

10 – Ethnic Group

1. Kshetri (16.45%) 2. Brahman - Hill (11.29%) 3. Magar (6.9%) 4. Tharu (6.2%) 5. Tamang (5.62%) 6. Bishwokarma (5.04%) 7. Musalman 8. Newar (4.6%) 9. Yadav (4.21%) 10. Rai (2.2%) 11. Pariyar (1.94%) 12. Gurung (1.86%) 13. Thakuri (1.7%) 14. Mijar (1.55%) 15. Teli (1.48%) 16. Yakthung/Limbu (1.42%) 17. Chamar/ Harijan/ Ram (1.35%) 18. Koiri/Kushwaha (1.22%) 19. Kurmi (0.95%)20. Musahar (0.91%) 21. Dhanuk (0.86%) 22. Dusadh/ Pasawan/ Pasi (0.86%) 23. Brahman-Terai (0.75%) 24. Mallaha (0.71%) 25. Sanyasi/Dasnami (0.68%) 26. Kewat (0.22%) 27. Kanu (0.52%) 28. Hajam/Thakur (0.47%) 29. Kalwar (0.46%)30. Rajbansi (0.45%) 31. Sherpa (0.45%) 32. Kumal (0.44%) 33. Tatma/Tatwa (0.43%) 34. Khatwe (0.43%) 35. Gharti/Bhujel (0.41%) 36. Majhi (0.38%) 37. Nuniya (0.37%) 38. Sundi (0.37%) 39. Dhobi (0.35%) 40. Lohar (0.35%) 41. Bin (0.33%) 42. Kumhar (0.33%) 43. Sonar (0.32%) 44. Chepang /Praja (0.29%) 45. Ranatharu (0.29%) 46. Danuwar (0.28%) 47. Sunuwar (0.27%) 48. Haluwai (0.25%) 49. Baraee (0.23%) 50. Bantar/ Sardar (0.21%) 51. Kahar (0.21%) 52. Santhal (0.2%) 53. Baniyan (0.18%) 54. Kathabaniyan (0.18%) 55. Badhaee/Badhee (0.18%) 56. Oraon/Kudukh (0.16%) 57. Rajput (0.16%) 58. Amat (0.16%) 59. Gangai (0.14%) 60. Lodh (0.14%) 61. Gaderi/Bhediyar (0.12%) 62. Ghale (0.12%) 63. Marwadi (0.12%) 64. Kayastha (0.11%) 65. Kulung (0.11%) 66. Thami (0.11%) 67. Bhumihar (0.11%) 68. Rajbhar (0.1%) 69. Rauniyar (0.09%) 70. Dhimal (0.09%) 71. Khawas (0.08%) 72. Tajpuriya (0.07%) 73. Kori (0.07%) 74. Dom (0.07%) 75. Mali (0.07%) 76. Darai (0.06%) 77. Yakkha (0.06%) 78. Bhote (0.05%) 79. Bantawa (0.05%) 80. Rajdhob (0.05%) 81. Dhunia (0.05%) 82. Pahari (0.05%) 83. Bangali (0.05%) 84. Gondh/Gond (0.04%) 85. Chamling (0.04%) 86. Chhantyal/Chhantel (0.04%) 87. Thakali (0.04%) 88. Badi (0.04%) 89. Bote (0.04%) 90. Pun (0.03%) 91. Hyolmo/Yholmopa (0.03%) 92. Khatik (0.03%) 93. Yamphu (0.03%) 94. Kewarat (0.03%) 95. Baram/ Baramu (0.03%) 96. Dev (0.03%) 97. Nachhiring (0.03%) 98. Gaine (0.02%) 99. Bahing (0.02%) 100. Thulung (0.02%) 101. Jirel (0.02%) 102. Khaling (0.02%) 103. Aathpahariya (0.02%) 104. Dolpo (0.02%) 105. Sarbaria (0.02%) 106. Mewahang (0.02%) 107. Byasi/Sauka (0.02%) 108. Dura (0.02%) 109. Meche (0.02%) 110. Raji (0.02%) 111. Sampang (0.02%) 112. Chai/Khulaut (0.02%) 113. Chumba/Nubri (0.02%) 114. Dhankar/Dharikar (0.01%) 115. Munda (0.01%) 116. Lepcha (0.01%) 117. Pattharkatta/Kushwadiya (0.01%) 118. Hayu (0.01%) 119. Beldar (0.01%) 120. Halkhor 121. Natuwa 122. Loharung (0.01%) 123. Kamar (0.01%) 124. Dhandi (0.01%) 125. Done (0.01%) 126. Mugal/Mugum (0.01%) 127. Punjabi/Sikh (0.01%) 128. Karmarong (0.01%) 129. Chidimar (0.01%) 130. Kisan (0.01%) 131. Lhopa (0%) 132. Kalar (931) 133. Fri (921) 134. Koche (847) 135. Topkegola (642) 136. Raute (566) 137. Walung (481) 138. Lhomi (355) 139. Surel (318) 140. Kusunda (253) 141. Bankariya (180) 142. Nurang (36)

11 – Population

The population reported (2021) 2, 91, 64,578, including 51.02 % women and 48.98 % men. 6.08 % of people live in the Mountains (17,72,948), 40.31 % on the hills (1,17,57,624), and 53.61 % (1,56,34,006) of people live in Terai. The population growth rate is 0.92 (2021). The rural population is 33.92 %, and the urban population is 66.08 %. Around 25.2 % of people are under the poverty line. The total household is 66,66,937 (2021). Some 19,21,494 people are officially outside Nepal. 

12 – Life Expectancy

 66.6 years on average at birth (2021), including Males (65.5) and Females (67.9). 

13 – Literacy Rate

76.3 % (5+years) in average, (Male-83.6%, Female-69.4%) - 2021 

14 – Currency

Nepalese Rupee has denominations 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 250, 500, and 1000. The first time in 1945, a paper banknote was published. The country had gold, silver, and copper coins before the date. 

15 – Time

+5:45 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time

16 - Driving Side

Left

17 - Calling Code

+977

18 – District, Municipality, and Village

Seven provinces, 753 local levels, 77 districts, 293 municipalities (Metropolitan cities - 6, Sub-metropolitan cities - 11, Municipalities - 276) and Rural Municipalities - 460. The country owns 36000 villages with high villages above 4000 meters in Solukhumbu and Dolpa districts.

19 – Military, Police

Military - 96,477, Police - 79,554

20 – List of Airports, Vehicles

International Airport - 3, domestic airports - 45 (31 paved), Under Construction - 7, Proposed - 6. The 35,39518 registered vehicles till 2019/03/15. 

21 – The World's Highest Mountains

1: Mount Everest (8848m highest)

2: Mount Kanchenjunga (8586m 3rd)

3: Mount Lhotse (8516m 4th)

4: Mount Makalu (8463m 5th)

5: Mount Cho Oyu (8201m 6th)

6: Mount Dhaulagiri (8167m 7th)

7: Mount Manaslu (8163m 8th)

8: Mount Annapurna I (8091m 10th).

22 – Geographical Regions

Himalayan Region (22,077.15 sq km) elevated 3000 m to 8848 m with 885 km length, 25 km to 50 km breadth that covers 15 % land of Nepal. The snow line is 5000 meters, and snow covers 6% of the land. It contains 16 districts, 3 Himalayas subdivisions, Lesser Himalaya (2000 m - 4500 m), Greater Himalaya (4500 m - 8848 m), Bhote Valley or Trans-Himalaya (2400 m - 5000 m), Border Himalaya (6000 m - 7000 m). It has 28 Himalayan ranges, 1310 mountain peaks, and 250 peaks above 6000 meters in height. The 414 peaks are open for climbing purposes.  

Hilly Region (1, 00,083.08 sq km) elevated 600 m to 3000 m with 885 km length, 75 km to 125 km breadth that covers 68 % land of the country. It contains 39 districts, valleys, tars, and basins called Middle Valley (up to 2000 m), Siwalik or Chure (914 m - 1829 m), and Mahabharata Lekh (1524 m - 3048 m).

Terai Region (25,020.77 sq km) ranges from 57.3 m to 610 m with 740 km length and 40 km breadth that covers 17 % of the land in the country. Terai Region has 20 districts, Inner Terai, Bhabar Terai, and Southern Terai as the sub-divisions.

23 – Major Cities

Kathmandu, Patan, Bhaktapur, Pokhara, Biratnagar, Janakpur, Hetauda, Dhankuta, Birendranagar, Dharan, Birgunj, Rajbiraj, Butwal, Bhairahawa, Tansen, Narayangarh, Damak, Birtamod, Lahan, Nepalgunj, Dhangadhi, Damauli, Baglung, Kalaiya, Mahendranagar, Kohalpur, Dipayal, Surkhet, Banepa, Parasi.

24 – National Luminaries

1. King Janak (7th-8th Century BC)

2. Sita (7th-8th Century BC)

3. Gautama Buddha (632 - 543 BC)

4. Amshuverma (605-621 AD)

5. Araniko (1245 - 1306 AD)

6. King Ram Shah (1550-1636 AD)

7. Amar Singh Thapa (1751-1816 AD)

8. Prithvi Narayan Shah (1723-1775 AD)

9. Bhimsen Thapa (1775-1839 AD)

10. Balabhadra Kunwar (1789-1823 AD)

11. Poet Bhanu Bhakta Acharya (1814-1868 AD)

12. King Tribhuvan (1906-1955 AD)

13. Poet Moti Ram Bhatta (1866-1896 AD)

14. Sankhadhar Sakhwa (8th-9th Century)

15. Pasang Lhamu Sherpa (1961-1993 AD)

16. Mahaguru Falgunanda (1885-1949 AD)

17. Bhakti Thapa (1741-1815 AD)

25 - Most of the Visitors

According to Tourism Statistics of 2019, 11,97,191 tourists arrived in Nepal, 9,95,884 via air route and 2,01,307 via land ports. The visitors are from India (254150), China (169543), the United States of America (93218), the United Kingdom (61144), Sri Lanka (55869), Thailand (41653), Australia (38972), Germany (36641), Myanmar (36274), France (30646), with Austria, Canada, Denmark, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland. The purpose of the visit is holiday/pleasure (703843), pilgrimage (187692), trekking and mountaineering (169180), and others (112357).

26 – Things To Do

Trekkinghikingtourspeak climbingexpeditionraftingskydivingbungee jumpingskiingZip flyerParaglidingultralight aircraft, hunting, fishing, wildlife safari, meditation, sightseeingshopping, nightlife and conference, research, canyoningEverest flight 

27 - Places to Visit

Kathmandu Valley

1. Pashupatinath Temple 2. Swayambhunath Stupa 3. Bhaktapur Durbar Square 4. Kathmandu Durbar Square 5. Patan Durbar Square 6. Chandragiri Hills 7. Nagarkot 8. Dhulikhel 9. Boudhanath 10. Changunarayan 11. Sleeping Vishnu 12. Garden of Dreams 13. Thamel 14. Chobhar Gorge 15. Pharping 16. Dakshinkali 17. Bajra Barahi 18. Godawari Botanical Garden 19. Fulchowki Hill 20. White Gumba 21. Jamacho 22. Sankhu 23. Bajra Yogini 24. Kakani 25. Kailashnath Mahadev Statue 26. Namo Buddha 27. Khokana, Bungamati 

Pokhara Valley

1. Sarangkot 2. World Peace Stupa 3. Phewa Lake 4. Lakeside 5. Davis Falls 6. Gupteswar Cave 7. Begnas Lake 8. Mahendra Cave 9. Matepani Gumba 10. International Mountain Museum 11. KI Singh Bridge 12. Bindyabasini Temple 13. Panchase 14. Dhampus

Terai 

1. Chitwan National Park 2. Bardia National Park 3. Lumbini 4. Devghat 5. Barahkshetra 6. Gadi Mai Temple 7. Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve 8. Janakpurdham 9. Biratnagar 10. Birgunj

Middle Hill 

1. Bandipur 2. Tansen 3. Khotang Haleshi Mahadeva 4. Bhedetar 5. Ilam 6. Namje Village  7. Dharan 8. Nuwakot 9. Myagdi Tatopani 10. Sikles 11. Ghandrung 12. Ganga Jamuna 13. Ghale Gaun 14. Sirubari Village 15. Dullu Dailekh 16. Kakre Bihar 

Mountain 

1. Everest Base Camp 2. Annapurna Base Camp 3. Gosainkunda Lake 4. Langtang Valley 5. Kanchenjunga Base Camp 6. Poon Hill  7. Helambu Tamang Village 8. Upper Mustang 9. Muktinath Temple 10. Tsum Valley 11. Larky La Pass 12. Thorung Pass 13. Badimalika 14. Dhaulagiri Base Camp 15. Tilicho Lake 16. Shey Phoksundo Lake 17. Rara Lake 18. Dhorpatan

28 – Uniqueness

1. The highest point of the earth (Mt. Everest 8848.86 m)

2. The birthplace of Gautama Buddha (Lumbini)

3. The Living Goddess, Kumari (Kathmandu)

4. The maximum rainfall area (Lumle, Kaski - 5000 millimetres)

5. The longest river, Karnali (507 km)

6. The longest waterfall, Pachal Waterfall (481 meters)

7. The 319 types of orchid flower

8. The 32 types of rhododendron flower (Laligurans is a national flower)

9. The national bird, Danphe (Impeyan pheasant)

10. An endemic bird, a spiny babbler. 

11. The highest waterfall, Suligad of Dolpa, 3613 meters.

12. The deepest lake is Phoksundo Lake, 175 meters deep. 

13. The highest lake, Tilicho Lake 4,919 meters.

14. The largest lake, Rara Lake 10.8 sq km. 

15. The best sunrise view at Antu Danda 1623 m (Ilam) 

29 – Endangered Mammals

1. Red Panda 2. Wild Yak 3. Himalayan Musk Deer 4. Great Tibetan Sheep 5. Snow Leopard 6. Tibetan Antelope 7. Brown Bear 8. Hispid Hare 9. Clouded Leopard 10. Lynx 11. Striped Hyaena 12. Assa Macaque 13. Grey Wolf 14. Spotted Linsang 15. Leopard Cat 16. Chinese Pangolin 17. Indian Pangolin 18. Greater One-horned Rhino 19. Swamp Deer 20. Gaur 21. Wild Water Buffalo 22. Asian Elephant 23. Royal Bengal Tiger 24. Four-horned Antelope 25. Blackbuck 26. Pigmy Hog 27. Ganges River Dolphin.

30 – Endangered Reptiles

1. Python 2. Gharial crocodiles 3. Golden monitor lizard.

31 – Endangered Birds

1. Impeyan Pheasant 2. Crimson Horned Pheasant 3. Cheer Pheasant 4. Bengal Florican 5. Great Pied Hornbill 6. Black Stork 7. Sarus Crane 8. Satyr Tragopan 9. Lesser Florican.

32 – Major Production of Food Crops

1. Paddy (56,21,710 metric tons in the 1481289-hectare land)

2. Maize (18,55,184 metric tons in the 875660-hectare land)

3. Millet (2,99,523 metric tons)

4. Jute (12,959 metric tons)

5. Cotton (109 metric tons)

6. Wheat (15,56,539 metric tons in the 7,31,131-hectare land)

33 – Major Cash Crops

1. Sugarcane (28, 07,104 metric tons), 2. Oilseeds, 3. Tobacco, 4. Tea (16,607 metric tons), 5. Coffee (308 metric tons), 6. Potato (25, 17, 696 metric tons) 7. Cardamom. Other agricultural products are lentils, buckwheat, vegetables, meat, goat, chicken, water buffalo, Nak cheese, ghee, milk, curd, pickle, vegetables, root crops, pulses, mustard seeds, mango, cucumber, pineapple, strawberry, sugarcane, apple, orange, papaya, and guava. 

34 – Spices

Chilly, cumin, ginger, garlic, sesame, onion, coriander, turmeric, paper, cinnamon, black cardamom, dates, asafoetida, nutmeg, carom seed, Raisins, Saffron, fenugreek, coconut, bay leaf, Jimbu, cloves, and Timur

35 – National Food, Drink

Dal (lentil soup), Bhat (boiled rice), and Tarkari (vegetable curry) are the national food. Nepalese porridge and sun-baked mustard soup are popular food. Drinks are milk tea, coffee, rice wine, millet wine, Chyang, and Tumba.

36 – Export, Import

Exports: Tea, coffee, legume oil, pashmina, carpet, handicrafts, ready-made clothes, cardamom, jute, and medicinal plants. Imports: Medicine, petroleums, cooking gas, gold, iron, steel, legume oil, foods, live animals, mobile, electric goods, clothes, vehicles, vaccines and fertilizers from India, China, and other countries. The top ten exporters list is 1. Dabur Nepal Pvt. Ltd. 2. Aarti Strips Pvt. Ltd. 3. Hulas Wire Industries Pvt. Ltd. 4. Triveni Spinning Mills Pvt. Ltd. 5. Shangrila Carpet and Handicraft Industry 6. Kathmandu Star Fashion Pvt. Ltd. 7. Everest Fashion 8. Everest Pashmina Knitting and Weaving Industry 9. New Hastakala Export 10, Ganesh Himal Import and Export Pvt. Ltd.

37 – Major Industries

Tourism, Cement, Match, Textiles, cigarettes, Leather, Flour, Carpets, Paper, Garments, and Soap. Tile and brick factory, Pharmaceuticals limited, steel industry, rice, jute, sugar, oilseed mills, pashmina, beverage factory, tea, coffee industry. 

38 – Major Industrial Areas

1. Balaju (2019 BS, 670 Ropani) 2. Hetauda (2020 BS, 2829 Ropani extended 291 Ropani in 2072 BS) 3. Patan (2020 BS, 293 Ropani) 4. Dharan (2029 BS, 202 Ropani) 5. Nepalgunj (2030 BS, 233 Ropani) 5. Pokhara (2031 BS, 501 Ropani) 6. Butwal (2032 BS, 434 Ropani) 7. Bhaktapur (2036 BS, 71 Ropani) 8. Birendranagar (2038 BS, 90 Ropani) 9. Dhankuta (2041 BS, 63 Ropani)10. Rajbiraj (2044 BS, 294 Ropani) 11. Rajbiraj (2044 BS, 294 Ropani)

39 – Crimes

Child Marriage, Polygamy, Dealing with persons, Gambling, Intoxication drugs, Stealing animals, Theft, Robbery, Rape, Cow Slaughter, Suicide by Burning and Hanging, Poison, Abortion, and Murder. Prison - 74, Criminals - 27000

40 – Types of Court

1. District Court (77) 2. Appellate Court (Ilam, Dhankuta, Biratnagar, Janakpur, Hetauda, Patan, Pokhara, Baglung, Butwal, Nepalgunj, Dipayal, Surkhet, Mahendranagar, Tulasipur, Jumla)

3. Supreme Court (1) 4. Other Court (Special, Administrative and Labour) 5. Revenue Tribunal (Foreign Employment, Debt Recovery, Revenue and Debt Recovery Appeal)

41 – Religion

1. Hindu (81.19%) 2. Buddhist (8.21%) 3. Islam (5.09%) 4. Kirat (3.17%) 5. Christian (1.76%) 6. Prakriti (0.35%) 7. Bon (0.23%) 8. Jain (0.01%) 9. Bahai (0.00%) 10. Sikh (0.001%)

42 – GDP, Per Capita Income

Rs. 5.38 trillion Rupee (2022/023), 1372 US dollars (2022/023) per person annually 

43 - List of Political Parties

1. Nepali Congress (88 Seats) – Sher Bahadur Deuba

2. Nepal Communist Party Ekikrit Marksbadi Leninbadi (79 Seats) – KP Sharma Oli

3. Nepal Communist Party Maobadi Kendra (32 Seats) – Puspa Kamal Dahal Prachanda

4. Rashtriya Swatantra Party (21 Seats) - Rabi Lamichhane

5. Rastriya Prajatantra Party (14 Seats) – Rajendra Lingden

6. Janta Samajbadi Party Nepal (12 Seats) - Upendra Yadav

7. Nepal Communist Party Ekikrit Samajbadi (10 Seats) – Madhav Kumar Nepal

8. Janamat Party (6 Seats) – CK Raut

9. Loktantrik Samajbadi Party Nepal (4 Seats) – Mahanta Thakur

10. Nagarik Unmuktai Party (4 Seats) – Ranjita Shrestha

11. Nepal Majdoor Kisan Party (1 Seat) – Narayan Man Bijukchhe

12. Rastriya Janamorcha (1 Seat) – Chitra Bahadur KC

13. Aam Janta Party (1 Seat) – Prabhu Shah

14. Swatantra (2 Seats) 

44 - Televisions

1. Nepal Television - Nepal government (1983, Kathmandu)

2. NTV Plus - Nepal government (2003)

3. Kantipur Television - Private (2003)

4. Kantipur Gold - Private (2015)

5. Image Channel (2003)

6. Avenues TV (2007)

7. Sagarmatha TV (2007)

8. ABC TV (2008)

9. News 24 (2010)

10. Mountain TV (2010)

11. Himalaya TV (2010)

12. TV Filmly (2010)

13. AP1 TV (2016)

14. Araniko TV (2013)

15. TV Today (2015)

16. Business TV (2015)

17. Kastmandap TV (2015)

18. Bhakti Darshan (2013)

19. Terai Television (2014)

20. Janakpur TV (2015, Janakpur)

21. Makalu TV (2010, Biratnagar)

22. Himshikhar TV (2011, Damak, Jhapa)

23. Gandaki TV (2007, Pokhara)

24. Fewa TV (2015, Pokhara)

25. Dhaulagiri TV (2013, Baglung)

26. Suryodaya TV (2016, Birtamod, Jhapa)

27. Avass TV (2013, Chitwan) 

28. Karuwa TV (2015, Tansen, Palpa)

45 - Radio, FM Stations

1. Radio Nepal (792 kHz)

2. Radio Masti (87.9 MHz)

3. Nepaliko Radio (88.8 MHz)

4. Radio Mirmire (89.4 MHz)

5. Ujjyalo FM (90.0 MHz)

6. Times FM (90.6 MHz)

7. Hits FM (Nepal) (91.2 MHz)

8. Nepal FM (91.8 MHz)

9. Capital FM (92.4 MHz)

10. Gorkha FM (93.0 MHz)

11. Citizen FM (94.0 MHz)

12. Metro FM (94.6 MHz)

13. Kantipur FM (96.1 MHz)

14. Voice of Youth (96.8 MHz)

15. Image FM (97.9 MHz)

16. Maitri FM (99.4 MHz)

17. Radio Nepal (100.0 MHz)

18. ABC Samachar Radio (100.6 MHz)

19. Classic FM (101.2 MHz)

20. Radio Sagarmatha (102.4 MHz)

21. BBC World Service (103.0 MHz)

22. Image News FM (Nepal) (103.6 MHz)

23. Radio Adhyatma Jyoti (104.8 MHz)

24. Bhaktapur FM (105.5 MHz)

25. CJMC FM (106.0 MHz

26. Radio Audio (106.3 MHz)

27. Newa FM (106.6 MHz)

28. TU FM (107 MHz)

29. Radio Bihani (107.4 MHz)

30. Radio Rajdhani (100.6 MHz)

31. Classic FM (101.2 MHz)

32. Traffic FM (95.6 MHz)

33. BIZ FM (94.9 MHz)

34. Pathibhara FM (93.6 MHz)

35. Radio Jhapa (100.7 MHz)

36. Kanchanjunga FM (92.6 MHz)

37. Koshi FM (94.3 MHz)

38. Radio Makalu (92.2 MHz)

39. Himal FM (90.2 MHz)

40. Khandbari FM (105.8 MHz)

46 - Newspapers

1. Annapurna Post (2002) 

2. Gorkhapatra (1901) 

3. The Himalayan Times (2001) 

4. Kantipur (1993) 

5. The Kathmandu Post (1993) 

6. Karobar Economic Daily (2009) 

7. Nagarik News (2008) 

8. Naya Patrika 

9. Nepal Samachar Patra 

10. Rajdhani Daily 

11. Merolagani 

12. Himal Khabarpatrika (1998) 

13. The Rising Nepal (1995) 

14. Republica (2009) 

15. Nepali Times (2000) 

16. Arghakhanchi Times 

17. Onlinekhabar 

18. Ratopati 

19. Setopati 

20. Ujyaalo Online 

21. BBC Nepali Sewa 

22. Nepal Stock Exchange Ltd. 

23. Nepal Exchange Rate (Nepal Rastra Bank)