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World Heritage Sites in Nepal

World heritage sites in Nepal

Nepal is home to two Natural and eight cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Nepal 6 district, Bhaktapur, Kathmandu, Lalitpur in Kathmandu Valley (1979 AD), Rupandehi (1997 AD), Solukhumbu (1979 AD), and Chitwan district (1984 AD). Geographically, Nepal's Himalayan, Hilly and Terai regions enlisted the heritage sites. The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) seeks to encourage the identification, protection, and preservation of cultural and natural heritage in the world, considered of outstanding value to humanity. 

These sites represent Nepal's rich historical, cultural and natural heritage that motivates visitors from worldwide. The UNESCO categorizes World Heritage Sites into three main cultural, natural, and mixed types. Cultural sites typically include monuments, historic buildings or archaeological sites, while natural sites encompass areas of outstanding natural beauty or ecological importance. There are currently 1,199 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 168 countries worldwide. Listed World Heritage Site can boost tourism, foster local and national pride, encourage preservation efforts, and attract funding for conservation and maintenance.

Nepal listed ten UNESCO World Heritage Sites are Sagarmatha National Park, Chitwan National Park, Lumbini, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Changu Narayan Temple, Pashupatinath Temple, Boudhanath Stupa and Swayambhunath Stupa. Sagarmatha National Park (1148 sq km) ranges from 2850 to 8848.86 meters (Solukhumbu district) in the Himalayan Region. The Sagarmatha National Park (Natural heritage) preserves rich flora, fauna, legendary Sherpa culture and millions of years of Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world. 

Chitwan National Park (932 sq km) in Chitwan district ranges from 110 to 850 meters in the Terai region. Chitwan National Park enlisted as a Natural UNESCO World Heritage with outstanding diverse flora and fauna, habitat of the Royal Bengal tiger, one-horn rhino, elephant, birds and Tharu culture. Lumbini (2.56 sq km) in Rupandehi district at 150 meters lies in the Terai Region. Lumbini is a Cultural UNESCO World Heritage known as the Birthplace of Lord Buddha (623 BCE) with Maya Devi Temple, the sacred garden, Monastic zone representing various countries and Lumbini village. 

Kathmandu Valley (642 sq km) comprises three districts, Kathmandu, Lalitpur, and Bhaktapur, in the Hilly Region, which ranges from 1350 to 1541 meters altitude. The valley enlisted 7 UNESCO World Heritage Sites such as Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Changu Narayan Temple, Pashupatinath Temple, Boudhanath Stupa and Swayambhunath Stupa. Kathmandu Valley is the prime tourist destination in South Asia, with 3200 years of ancient civilization, religious temples, monasteries architecture, wooden and bronze art, royal palace squares, and Newari culture. 

The UNESCO World Heritage sites contributed to Nepal's tourismculture, art, economy, and civilization. Tourists appreciate heritage sightseeing, trekking, mountaineering, wildlife safari, photography, shopping, festivals, cultural shows, and a museum with Entrance fees. Here are 15 official tentative lists of the World Heritage Committee developed by each signatory to the UNESCO World Heritage Convention of properties believed by Nepal to meet the criteria for the World Heritage listing that may make nominations to the World Heritage List in the future. 

15 Tentative Lists of World Heritage Sites in Nepal

1. The early medieval architectural complex of Panauti (1996).

2. Tilaurakot, the archaeological remains of the ancient Shakya kingdom (1996).

3. Cave architecture of Muktinath Valley of Mustang (1996).

4. The medieval palace complex of Gorkha (1996).

5. Ramagrama Stupa as the relic stupa of Lord Buddha (1996).

6. Khokana, the vernacular and its mustard-oil seed industrial heritage (1996).

7. Medieval Earthen-Walled City of Upper Mustang (2008)

8. Vajrayogini and Early Settlement of Sankhu (2008).

9. Medieval Settlement of Kirtipur (2008).

10. Rishikesh Complex of Ruru Kshetra (2008).

11. Nuwakot Palace Complex (2008).

12. Ram Janaki Temple (2008).

13. The medieval town of Tansen (2008).

14. Sinja Valley (2008).

15. Bhurti Temple complex of Dailekh (2008).

Nepal's 10 Best UNESCO World Heritage Sites 

Sagarmatha National Park

Sagarmatha National Park

Sagarmatha National Park (19 July 1976) covers 1148 sq km in Solukhumbu District (124400 hectares), which ranges from 2845 m (Monjo) ...

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Chitwan National Park

Chitwan National Park

Chitwan National Park (110 m-850 m) is the first national park of Nepal (1973), a UNESCO World Heritage (1984), which covers 932 ...

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Lumbini Nepal

Lumbini Nepal

Lumbini Nepal (150 m) is 300 km southwest of Kathmandu, 18 km west of Bhairahawa Airport and 24 km north of ...

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Swayambhunath Stupa

Swayambhunath Stupa

Swayambhunath Stupa (5th century) is a UNESCO World Heritage (1979 AD) on a forested hill (0.6 sq km) viewpoint called Monkey ...

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Boudhanath Stupa

Boudhanath Stupa

Boudhanath Stupa is a UNESCO World Heritage (1979), the biggest stupa in Nepal is called Jhyarung Khashyor, Khasa Chaitya, ...

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Kathmandu Durbar Square

Kathmandu Durbar Square

Kathmandu Durbar Square is a UNESCO World Heritage Site (1979) called Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square established the Hanuman ...

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Bhaktapur Durbar Square

Bhaktapur Durbar Square

Bhaktapur Durbar Square (1400 m) is a UNESCO World Heritage site (1979) with Taumadhi Square, Pottery Square, and Dattatraya Squares, ...

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Patan Durbar Square

Patan Durbar Square

Patan Durbar Square is a UNESCO World Heritage site (1979 AD), 7 km south of Kathmandu. Patan translates to beautiful city with ...

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Pashupatinath Temple

Pashupatinath Temple

Pashupatinath is a sacred God Shiva temple and UNESCO World Heritage site (1979 AD) at Bagmati Riverbank in Kathmandu, Nepal. The ...

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Changu Narayan Temple

Changu Narayan Temple

Changu Narayan Temple is one of the most popular Narayan temples in Kathmandu Valley at mythical Champak Hill, Changu, Dolagiri ...

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