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Nepal Trekking Information

Nepal trekking information

Nepal Trekking Information is a noteworthy description of the safe mountain journey, permits, transportation, destination, itinerary, difficulty, season, food, lodging, equipment, altitude sickness, acclimatisation, medication, wildlife, vegetation, culture, festivals, rescue insurance, code of conduct and safe photography. Each trekker should know the national park and conservation area rules, hiking pace, prohibition of laws, disturbing wildlife, buying animal parts, trash management and mineral water bottles. 

Nepal Trekking Information presents a mountain journey along the forest, glacier, base camp, high pass, landslide, rockfall, avalanche and animal trail. The lodge owner and trekking guides advise seasonable trekking routes. Watch your foot on a slippery path while photographing. Bring rescue insurance with a helicopter evacuation step gently after 3000 meters. Trekking info on different topics is below. 

Meaning and History of Trek 

Trek originated in the Afrikaans language after Dutch Settlers travelled by ox cart. They established their territory in Cape Town, South Africa. Once, the British controlled the land of Dutch Settlers (Voortrekkers) in 1806. Ten thousand Dutches migrated the northeast of Groot Trek from 1830 to 1840. They established an independent African state incorporated by the British colonial. Numerous Afrikaans words have come in English as the trek derived from the Dutch Settlers.

Oxford Dictionary explains trek as a noun, a long rigid walk that lasts several days or weeks on a mountain trail. Trek is a verb that translates to making a long or difficult journey, especially on foot. The word Track has nouns and verb that explains a rough path built by trekkers. Trail means a noun for a long line and series of a visitor's marks with a particular purpose. 

Trekking Holidays 

Nepal trekking is a regular mountain journey to the foothills of Everest, Annapurna, Langtang, Api Nampa, Manaslu, Rolwaling and Kanchenjunga for a mental refresh, information on rural people, nature, culture, language, lifestyle, and economic condition. Physically fit and mentally prepared, nature lovers enjoy Nepal hiking. Tourist follows the centuries-old local tracks, watching breathtaking Himalayas view, alpine landscape, alpine lakes, wildlife, plants, and river valley. A day hiking goes in Kathmandu and Pokhara for beginners. The 157-day Great Himalayan Trek (1700 km) opened in 2008.

Nepal's Himalayan Region features the eight highest summits in the world, which motivates 2,50,000 tourists annually. The first trekker Bill Tilman had trekked to Kali Gandaki, Everest, and Helambu in 1949. Maurice Herzog led a French expedition as the first climb of Annapurna (8091 m) in 1950. Jimmy Roberts organised the first commercial trek in 1960. He trekked to Kali Gandaki in 1965. Boris Lissannivitch established the Royal Hotel with Yak and Yeti Bar (1950 to 1971) near Narayanhiti Royal Palace as the gathering place for Mountain climbers.

Everest, Rolwaling, Makalu, and Kanchenjunga treks lie in the Eastern Himalayan Region, and Langtang, Ganesh Himal, Manaslu, Annapurna, and Dhaulagiri treks settled in the Central Himalayan Region. Dolpo, Rara, and Api Nampa trek are in the Western Himalayan Region of Nepal. Two days to a month-long trekking trails offer tea house, camping, and Homestay types trekking with soft to strenuous level walking. 

Trekking Area 

The Hilly and Himalayan Region elevated 610 m to 8848 m with 885 Km length, 25 km to 125 km breadth, occupied 83 % of land for the trekking route in Nepal. The Himalayan Region's Subdivisions are Lesser Himalaya (2000 m - 4500 m), Greater Himalaya (4500 m - 8848 m), Trans-Himalaya (2400 m - 5000 m), and Border Himalaya (6000 m - 7000 m). The Hilly Region's Subdivisions are Mahabharat Lekh (1524 m - 3048 m) and Spurs, Tar (300 m - 2000 m). Nepal's best trekking regions are Annapurna, Everest, Langtang, Manaslu and Kanchenjunga. Manaslu, Kanchenjunga, Makalu, Rolwaling, Ganesh Himal, Upper Mustang, Dhaulagiri, Dolpo, Rara, and Api Nampa are remote, restricted and expensive trekking regions. The great Himalayan Trail (1700 km) begins in Kanchenjunga and completes in Api Nampa Region.

An arid valley of Manang and Mustang district lies in the Trans-Himalayan Region. Upper Mustang is a rain-shadow area that suits the monsoon trek. The Annapurna trek starts from 1000 meters and reaches Thorung La 5416 meters. The Everest trek begins at 2860 meters and gets to Kala Patthar at 5545 meters. Nepal trekking departs from Kathmandu and Pokhara by private vehicle and domestic flight. Main trekking areas established a basic lodge, and remote regions require fixed camps for trekkers. 

Mountain People 

Mountain people in Nepal are called Sherpas, Lhomis, Yolmowas, Langtange, Neyshyangwas, Shyars, Gyasumdowas and Nymbas. Some Highlanders live up to 4500 meters with a unique culture, tradition, lifestyle, house pattern, marriage system, job and funeral. Sherpa is the most famous mountaineer who climbs 8000 meters of summits without an oxygen bottle. Their sufficient haemoglobin, big chest, nose, and lungs support them to breathe in the thin air. Fascinating people speak Tibeto-Burmese and follow Tibetan Buddhism and Shamanism. Highlanders explain a nomadic, caravan trader, hunting, and gathering.

Especially Gurung, Bhotiya, Thakali, Raute, Tamang, Ghale and Mugali people live in the alpine area. Transportation, communication, and medication are rare due to remoteness. Domestic horses and yak is the mountain transport. Nak (Female Yak) milk makes cheese and yoghurt. Mountain sheep are a source of meat and wool. They cultivate potatoes and barley. A polyandry marriage system, summer and winter settlement and oasis cultivation are remarkable. Mountain people are friendly with the profession of tea shop business, animal husbandry, trekking and expedition. Winter remains snowfalls and cold temperatures. Trekkers interact with locals while trekking on tours. 

Why Should You Trek to Nepal? 

Trekking is an adventure journey to burn calories for all ages and capabilities in four seasons in Nepal. Every year, 250000 tourists trek to normal, controlled and guided trekking regions. Breathtaking mountain views, river valleys, cultural experience and dramatic landscapes with sunrise and sunset views are unbelievable Himalayan experiences. Trekkers can follow each step of Himalayan pioneers, Maurice Herzog (1950), Tony Hagen (1950), Edmund Hillary, Tenzing Norgay (1953), Thomas Cook (1955), Bill Tilman (1949), Boris Lissanevitch, Colonel Jimmy Roberts (1965), Reinhold Messner (1980), Jimmy Carter (1985) and Ekai Kawaguchi (1899).

The visitors are not excited only by the snow-capped mountain, high pass, waterfall, wildlife, seasonal flower, glacier, forest, lake and river valley. Still, they are motivated by the local lifestyle, language, dress, ornament, food habits, house patterns, hospitality, and culture. Trekking is an opportunity to reach hidden valleys, Helambu village, Dolpo, Everest base camp, Rara Lake (10.8 Sq Km), Upper Mustang (Mini Tibet), and Poon Hill.

An isolated wilderness and the remote mountain suggest freshness, excitement, tranquillity, and a vista view of the Himalayas. Only trekking holidays can explore the mountain, river valley, Sherpa, Gurung, Tamang, Thakali, Dolpali people's hometown, alpine flora, fauna, snow leopard, yak, Himalayan black bear, Tahr, red panda, and Yarsagumba. Nepal travel completes with the Himalayan trekking. 

Bus and flight to the Trekking Region 

Flight and bus accessed the trek starting and ending points. The first road was connected to Kathmandu in 1950 and Pokhara in 1971. The domestic flight connects from Kathmandu to Lukla (2860 m), Phaplu (2364 m) and Syangboche (3720 m) for Everest Region. Flights go from Kathmandu to Biratnagar (200 m) and Tumlingtar to Makalu, Kanchenjunga Region. Flights reach Pokhara to Jomsom (2710 m) to the Annapurna Region and Nepalganj to Juphal for the Rara-Dolpo Region.

Bus leaves from Kathmandu to Salleri for the Everest Region, Pokhara, Nayapul, and Bhulbhule for the Annapurna Region. Bus leaves from Kathmandu to Arughat for the Manaslu circuit trek. The bus accessed Kathmandu to Basantapur for Makalu Kanchenjunga Region. The bus goes from Kathmandu to Syaprubesi (Langtang Region) and Melamchi Pul Bazar (Helambu Region). Bus leaves from Kathmandu to Nepalgunj for Dolpo Region, Mahendranagar for Api Nampa Region. Private jeep from Kathmandu reached Upper Mustang, Manang, Muktinath, and Rara Lake. 

Trekking Cost 

Nepal trekking cost depends on trekking group size, duration, permits, hotel, transport, guide, and porter salary. Everest, Dolpo, Kanchenjunga, and Upper Mustang trek is expensive due to the remote and controlled area permits and cost. Tea house and camping trek cost $80 up to $120 per day per person at the package of guide, national park permits, food, and transport. However, the Nepal government implemented on 1st April 2023 that foreign tourists must take a licensed guide to mountain journeys for guest safety and guide employment.

Nepal Treks Itinerary 

Everest Region

  1. Jiri to EBC Trek – 20 days
  2. Lukla to Everest Base Camp Trek – 13 days
  3. Everest View Trek – 7 days
  4. Gokyo Lake Trek – 11 days
  5. Everest Three Pass Trek - 17 days
  6. Pikey Peak Trek – 5 days

Annapurna Region

  1. Annapurna Base Camp Trek – 10 days
  2. Ghorepani Poon Hill Trek – 4 days
  3. Annapurna Round Trek – 11 days
  4. Royal Trek – 4 days
  5. Sikles Trek – 6 days
  6. Nar Phu Valley Trek – 14 days
  7. Dhampus Sarangkot Trek – 3 days
  8. Mardi Himal Trek - 7 days 
  9. Khair Lake Trek - 12 days
  10. Khopra Danda Trek – 7 days
  11. Panchase Trek – 4 days
  12. Upper Mustang Trek – 13 days
  13. Fishtail base camp trek - 9 days

Langtang Region

  1. Langtang Valley Trek – 7 days
  2. Gosainkunda Pass Trek – 13 days
  3. Helambu Trek – 7 days
  4. Tamang Heritage Trek – 8 days
  5. Dud Kunda Trek – 14 days
  6. Tilman Pass Trek – 18 days
  7. Panch Pokhari Trek – 12 days

Kanchenjunga Region

  1. Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek – 16 days
  2. Kanchenjunga North Base Camp Trek – 26 days

Makalu Region

  1. Makalu Base Camp Trek – 18 days
  2. Arun Valley Trek – 10 days
  3. Sherpani Col Pass Trek – 21 days

Rolwaling Region

  1. Rolwaling Trek – 15 days

Dhaulagiri Region

  1. Dhaulagiri round Trek – 15 days

Ganesh Himal Region

  1. Ganesh Himal Base Camp Trek – 16 days
  2. Rupi Nala Pass Trek – 18 days

Manaslu Region

  1. Manaslu Round Trek – 13 days
  2. Tsum Valley Trek – 15 days

Western Region

  1. Rara Lake Trek – 12 days
  2. Upper Dolpo Trek – 22 days
  3. Lower Dolpo Trek – 15 days
  4. Dhorpatan Jumla Trek – 20 days
  5. Guerrilla Trek – 14 days
  6. Api Himal base camp Trek – 16 days

Others

  1. Chepang Hill Trek – 5 days
  2. Great Himalayan Trek – 157 days